Cancer of the head and neck affects the oral and nasal cavity, the tongue, vocal cords, salivary glands, lips and the sinuses. Environmental factors are important contributing causes of these disorders.
Causes of Head And Neck Cancer
Excessive alcohol use, smoking and chewing tobacco are all contributing factors. The tumors arise from some mutation. The exact cause is undetermined.
Signs and Symptoms of Head And Neck Cancer
Symptoms include hard lumps in the neck and lumps under the jaw. Ulceration and lumps in the mouth, tongue and tonsils can occur. Bulging of one cheek can reflect involvement of the underlying sinuses. Hoarseness and difficulty swallowing may indicate involvement of the vocal cords and oral pharynx. Double vision and changes in the sensation of the face is seen when tumors involve the nerves to the muscles of the eye and the trigeminal nerve, respectively.
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Medical Content Last Updated on 07/12/2008
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