Cystitis, or bladder infections, are much more common in women. They also occur in men who have some type of urinary tract obstruction or the use of catheters. They usually are bacterial infections.
Causes of Cystitis
Bacteria from outside the body produce most cases of cystitis. Women, who have a shorter urethra, are more prone to have bacteria migrate up into the bladder. The use of urinary catheters may introduce bacteria directly into the bladder. An enlarged prostate or tumor of the bladder may lead to obstruction of urinary flow and the development of infections. Increased sexual activity, particularly in women, increases the risk of bacteria passing up the urethra to the bladder.
Signs and Symptoms of Cystitis
Pain and burning during urination usually occurs. The frequent urge to urinate as well as the ability only to urinate small amounts is seen. Occasionally, poor urinary control is seen with incontinence. Pain in the lower abdomen or back may occur. Fever and chill may occur. Blood in the urine is seen. Painful sexual intercourse occurs.
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Medical Content Last Updated on 07/12/2008
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