A chronic disease of metabolism distinguished by the body’s inability to produce enough insulin. Insulin is necessary for body cells to transport sugars to the cells and in order to process carbohydrates, fat, and protein efficiently. Injections of insulin is the necessary treatment. Insulin-dependent diabetes often begins around 30 and is called ketosis-prone diabetes. Juvenile diabetes begins in childhood.
Causes of Diabetes Mellitus
Cause is unknown as to why the islet cells of the pancreas produce too little insulin. Virus infection of the pancreas may be a cause.
Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus
Symptoms include fatigue, excess thirst, increased appetite, weight loss, frequent urination, itching around the genitals, increased susceptibility to infections, especially urinary--tract infections, and yeast infections of the skin, mouth, or vagina.
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Medical Content Last Updated on 07/12/2008
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