Infection or inflammation of the vagina. It is caused by a yeast-like fungus, Monilia or Candida albicans. Monilial vaginitis is the cause of at least 50% of infections in the vagina.
Causes of Vaginitis, Monilial
Monilia (or Candida) normally live in small numbers in a healthy vagina, rectum and mouth. When hormone and pH balance is disturbed, the organisms multiply and cause infections. Monilial vaginitis often occur before menstrual periods and leave as soon as the period begins. Conditions that disturb the vagina’s balance include: pregnancy, diabetes mellitus, antibiotic treatment, oral contraceptives, high carbohydrate intake, especially sugars and alcohol, hot weather and/or non-ventilating clothing, which increase moisture, warmth and darkness, fostering fungal growth, and immunosuppression from drugs or disease.
Signs and Symptoms of Vaginitis, Monilial
Symptoms of fungal vaginitis include: white, curdy vaginal discharge, resembling cottage cheese). Frequently, there is an unpleasant odor. There is swelling. tenderness, redness and itching of the vaginal lips or labia. Due to this irritation, which may include the opening of the urethra or the urethra, itself, there is painful urination. The outer vagina may appear red and friable.
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Medical Content Last Updated on 07/12/2008
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