A rare disease in children and adolescents. It was first recognized as a distinct clinical entity in 1963. It usually follows a viral infection in children. The brain and liver are primarily affected.
Causes of Reye's Syndrome
The exact cause of Reye's syndrome is unknown. The use of aspirin has been implicated, when used during the viral illness, especially chickenpox and influenza. Fat formation and swelling occur in the liver and swelling occurs in the brain. The liver dysfunction leads to elevated levels of ammonia and decreased levels of glucose in the blood
Signs and Symptoms of Reye's Syndrome
Reyes syndrome usually follows an acute viral illness in children. Fever is not usually a significant symptoms. Typically, about a week after the viral illness, there is persistent nausea and vomiting. Following that there is lethargy, drowsiness, confusion, delirium and personality changes. As the disorder progresses over the next several days, seizures, weakness and paralysis in an arm or leg, double vision, speech impairment, and coma may occur.
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Medical Content Last Updated on 07/12/2008
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