Proctitis is the inflammation of the rectum and tissues around the anus. It is more common in males around age 30, but can occur in both sexes at any age.
Causes of Proctitis
Unprotected anal intercourse can lead to the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea, syphilis (usually secondary), chlamydia infections, human papilloma virus infections and Herpes simplex virus. Anal sex may also lead to mechanical injury of the lining of the rectum, which may contribute to the development of proctitis. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease can produce inflammatory changes in the linings of the rectum. Other causes of proctitis include radiation therapy to the area, and gastrointestinal infections, such as amebiasis.
Signs and Symptoms of Proctitis
Symptoms that are produced from proctitis include blood, mucus or pus in the stool. There may be a constant urge to have a bowel movement, even when there is little or no stool present. Rectal or anal pain may increase with bowel movements. There may be cramping pain in the lower abdomen. Fever may be present. A bloody or mucus-like discharge from the rectum may occur.
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Medical Content Last Updated on 07/12/2008
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