Cerebral palsy usually represents some injury that has occurred to the nervous system. It is congenital and not inherited. The development of the nervous system may cause the symptoms to change even though the underlying pathology is stable.
Causes of Cerebral Palsy
Defects in the brain and spinal column of unknown etiology. In 90% of the cases, the damage is congenital. The known reasons of CP include: birth injury, prolonged oxygen deprivation, infection in the mother during pregnancy that spreads to the baby in the uterus; especially rubella (German measles), and meningitis or encephalitis during infancy or childhood.
Signs and Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy
Symptoms vary in severity. In babies there may be sucking difficulty, lack of normal muscle tone, slow development and unusual body postures. Stiffness and muscle spasms, purposeless body movements, poor coordination or balance, crossed eyes, deafness, convulsions, and various degrees of mental retardation can occur.
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Medical Content Last Updated on 07/12/2008
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