Hematomas can occur within the tongue and in the surrounding tissues. At times, hemorrhage into the tongue and adjacent tissues can be fatal. Not only can the tongue become swollen, but the tissues of the floor of the mouth may become elevated producing airway compromise.
Causes of Hematoma Of The Tongue
Hematomas within and below the tongue may be caused by coagulation disorders induced with coumadin. Puncture wounds of the tongue may also lead to bleeding and swelling of the tongue. Tongue trauma, either blunt or penetrating, can lead to swelling and bleeding with the tongue and adjacent tissues. Injuries to the facial bones and jaw can produce bleeding not only in the tongue, but also in the adjacent facial structures. Individuals that have reduced calcium levels produced by renal failure and people who have a seizure may both develop tongue hematomas.
Signs and Symptoms of Hematoma Of The Tongue
Hematoma’s involving the tongue frequently affect swallowing and speech. As the hematoma enlarges, or extends into the surrounding tissue below the tongue, obstruction of the airway occurs. This can lead to shortness of breath, rapid breathing, agitation and death. Frequently, hematomas of the tongue are associated with either blunt trauma to the tongue with associated swelling, or trauma to the adjacent facial bones and structures. Symptoms under these conditions relate to the areas that are damaged.
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Medical Content Last Updated on 07/12/2008
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